It is Classical management and behavioral management. Brief comparison of the two methods simply, classical management treat productivity and efficiency are the most important things. Whereas, behavioral management emphasis on human emotions and relationships.
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The object of those theories is same that focus on the way how employers can manage well their employees and people’s work. But they have different view point to reach it. The classical management theory says that it was devised to make more productivity and efficiency The first I will introduce Taylor’s Scientific Management. He called “the father of scientific management” tried to increase productivity through the efficient utilization of human resources as emphasis on the management of the job. He insisted to maximize worker’s productivity, all duties have to be developed by scientific method. In detail, He studied and researched about worker’s day time and action in order to determine the appropriate workload in scientific way. Because He thought uncertain workload should be fixed. And also who achieve their workload gets more wages than who doesn’t achieve it to encourage employees to reach their goal by division of labor and cooperative. Here are main four scientific management principles. Ã¢â€˜Â The development of true science Ã¢â€˜Â¡ Scientific selection of workers Ã¢â€˜Â¢ Workers science education and development Ã¢â€˜Â£ Cooperative between managers and workers This principle is not mismatch but cooperative harmony, not limited output, but the maximum output, the development for maximum efficiency. Another theory is by Henri fayol who called the true father modern management. Taylor mainly focused to only management to the work of the production place, whereas Fayol tried to confront with management of the entire corporate organization. He insisted that at management activities, six elements. It is technical activities (production, manufacturing, processing), protection activities (goods and the protection of employees), commercial activity (purchase, sale, or exchange), financing activities (procurement of capital and operating), accounting activities (list of assets, balance sheet, cost, statistics), and management activities (planning, organizing, directing, coordination, and control). He thought that as expanding the scale of organization, It result will be that the number of employees who treat materials or machinery going up. So, management about these practitioners influences the success of the company. In performing the six management activities, it requires fourteen general rules. It is division of labor, authority and discipline, responsibility, unification of the unification of command, commanding, for the benefit of the entire subjection of individuals, maintenance, centralization, chain of hierarchy, order, fairness, and stability of the workplace, leadership, and esprit de corps The last theory I’m introducing is Max Weber’s bureaucracy. Today, bureaucracy be thought inefficiencies, inelasticity, and illegitimate power, but the initial bureaucracy hold a lots of positive meanings. Weber (1864 ~ 1920) insisted that bureaucracy for rational and efficient operating to a huge organization. Bureaucracy theory is fundamentally based on the theory about the structure of authority.
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