Civil Disobedience as a Movement

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During the years the most important events in the world, have started by someone who raised their voice on an injustice, a conflict, a disagreement. This referring to changes and improvements for a society, protests are all over the history and until now the still being an important cause of change, even for good or bad. But there are many opinions if either is a good behavior or not, if it follows the laws or break them. Society involves different groups and cultures, from here is that the disagreements start, because communities have different opinions and want to be heard, if it were not for those who claim their rights, there would be no egalitarian justice. Protests not only raise awareness, but it also raise rejection for those who interpret it as a criminal conduct and an infraction of law; and to be honest there will always be a thin line between crime and civil disobedience. Protests shouldnt be qualified as crimes, they are an important step to changes and rights, if they are made with reciprocity nobody can deny the right of a group or person to raise their voice, society went trough so many improvements for people because of this kind of civil disobediences and there are many factors to judged this movements as civil disobedience. In a society exists different groups and cultures, ruled by a hegemony class and constituting of subculture and counterculture, therefore subordinated groups need to be represented and not be an indifferent part of society. Hegemony is the ruling class in a society, which maintains effective control over some subject group, the models of society imposed by a ruling elite, named the upper class. The influence generated in other social groups comes from the hegemony class, through this hegemony is added a trace of power, influence and hierarchy; hegemony is the sociocultural political articulation mode that imposes, reaffirms and recreates the dominant power in economy, politics and culture. Culture being the general group identity, also involves sub-cultures being a part of the larger culture, is a sub-division that results from the combination of factors such as social class, ethnic, beliefs, practices, and values. Sub-cultures are an important influence around the hegemony, domination and resistance: the search of disagreement with hegemonic ideas, attitudes and values that distance itself from the dominant and parental culture. In relation with this the counterculture is a subculture that represent the evolution of expressions cultural alternatives to a system, it establishes limits to the hegemonic, formulate questions, generates a movement from the smaller groups against the most influential groups in a society.The best system of government is known as Democracy, in which management and ownership resides in the power of the total society as whole, but the relationship between democracy and culture is controversial and thorny issue. Politician and their parties use the cultures to gain their votes, but beyond the good intentions that everyone announces, we discover politicians have the intentions to manipulate cultural spaces and to use its people. Subcultures and countercultures of a society arent the majority rule, even democracy is the voice of the people, some groups and people are more influential and have the power to decide, this because people choose their representatives and that is sometimes the main problem. Smaller groups dont have much power in democracy, pure democracy care for majority, and not for subordinated groups, devoting very little attention to political subcultures and its development, which is an indicator of the existing levels of freedom. To judge a conduct from a subordinated group is essential to know the reason and the meaning it has for them, what it may be right for one group can be completely rejected for the members of another, and vice versa. This is better explained in Rachels critique of cultural relativism, to call something right or wrong would imply being able to judge such a custom from an independent point of view to personal opinion. Rachel doesnt agree with universal critique, he talks about a case of the different cultures with different moral codes, King Darius of Persia confronted two peoples, Greeks and Calatinos, with each others funeral habits. Greeks were disgusted with the funeral practice of the Catalans, of eating the dead. Calatinos disliked the habit of burning them on the funeral pyre, as the Greeks did. Confronting them, Dario seems to have given them a lesson in tolerance. Now in the contemporary world, there are still differences between cultures and is difficult to present objective reasons to say that one particular behavior is better or worse than other; there are no universal moral truths. Using Rachels critique is possible to judge protest actions in order to accept them as a good argument and respect the right to present their reasons in relation to their context.Protests were made to generate attention, for this they are made in public spaces, not matter where, the space and people must be respected and be done in a way that doesnt affect others. If is a justifiable illegality or not, is judged from the reciprocity presented, to raise awareness manifestations are expressed, then, in all the artistic tendencies, social, philosophical and scientific. All this understood at a specific time and circumstances, within the social, economic, political and cultural coordinates of their time; context without which social phenomena would not take place (or took on completely different forms). Inconvenience will always appear in protests, for those who disagree with the reason or just the methods employed, some ways of protests can be uncomfortable for society, but interventions can mean the end of something genuine and the beginning of a movement that responds to the demands of a particular class, never attempting against someone or something and stay in the range of justifiable infraction. In conclusion for all this reasons and examples to justify civil disobedience as an act to be heard and considerate in a society. Classifying the socio-cultural phenomenon of the protests, the one that has been banalized so many times and that has scarcely been analyzed from a criminalistic point of view. Once the existence of the subculture is admitted as a phenomenon loaded with values different from those of the dominant or central culture, our duty is to identify them, classify them and analyze how they differ from those of the dominant culture, in order to determine if these values ‹‹are or are not, tolerated differences that do not represent a social threat. For without the establishment of democracy and its air of freedom, as well as its apparent security, experiential expressions such as those promoted by the subcultures would hardly have taken place.

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