Causes of the Rwandan Genocide

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Causes of the Rwandan Genocide

In April 1994, a terrible time for the country of Rwanda only got worse; the Hutu tribe which inhabited a large portion of Eastern Rwanda started a mass killing of many Rwandans, most of them being of the Tutsi ethnicity, a minority group in Rwanda. Sparked by Hutu nationalists in the nation’s capital of Kigali and spread through the country like a wildfire that simply could not be contained, the Hutu forces were strengthened by forcing civilians to take arms and kill the ones who refused to join the military. What caused this genocide was a combination of factors, such as the assassination of Juvenal Habyarimana, the nation’s president, the prior history of the Hutus and Tutsis, and a smaller revolution that took place in Rwanda earlier..

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The major cause of the genocide was the president’s assassination because Hutu extremists could use his death as an excuse to massacre Tutsis because they could easily blame it on a minority of people with no backlash, Habyarimana being a Hutu himself would in the minds of many eliminate Hutu extremist. Immediately after the presidents assassination the Hutu Extremist and Presidents guard also known as the impuzamugambi(Those who have the same goal) and that goal was to Eradicate the Tutsis. One of the first killings of the genocide came the next day when the Hutu Prime Minister along with her 10 bodyguards were killed leaving a vacant spot that could be filled by a Hutu extremist easy which it was, getting into the position was very easy as there was no put in place democratic system since the president had been murdered.

The Rwandan civil war was started in 1988 by a group called the Rwandan Patriotic Front they along with everyone in the country knew there had been tension for the better part of a century the causes if this were the fact that the Hutus were always thought of as worst than Tutsis sense the take over of the Germans in the early 1900s (When the war started things started to change as the Tutsis were severely outnumbered).

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