This is a cause and effect essay on the GMO topic. It traces the cause why GMO are developed. It also provides information on the effects of GMO to the society.
Organism or GMO are organisms whose genes are altered by scientists so that they will become super organism fit for a specific purpose. GMOs are science solution to World Hunger. Prior to GMO science, most people believe that the rapid growth of human population will outpace food production. With more people and limited food resources, there will be world hunger. However, the population of the world keeps on growing despite of the population control implemented by governments. The advances in medicine allowed low mortality rate among infant and longevity among adults resulting to population boom. As the world population continue to grow, land that could be used to grow crops are converted into communities thus reducing the capacity of the world to produce food enough to supply the growing population. Furthermore, crops and plants that humans use for food are seasonal which means they can only be produced at a particular time of the years, hence, limiting the capacity of humans to produce much needed crops. This again contributes to the problem of overpopulation and food shortage. In some cases, pest also destroys crops reducing agricultural yields which again contribute to the problem. If the population of the world continues to grow and the problems in food production is not solve world hunger is inevitable. To solve world hunger, scientists began modifying crops that could be mass produced and disease resistance. These new organism will overcome the problem of seasonality; hence they could be produce all year round. Thus Genetic scientists began looking for ways on how to produce crops that could be mass produced. They began collecting super genes from animals and insert them on plants.
Solving World hunger is the immediate cause of GMO. The impending world huger motivates GMO scientists to revolutionize GMO science.
Through GMO, scientists were able to produce crops that are disease resistance, larger, and could be produce all year round. Consider the Bt. Corn. Corn yields are often times destroy by pest and bugs. Bugs eat corn stalks and leaves. They also eat the fruit and flowers. This compromises crop yield resulting to low production, livestock’s and humans rely on corn for food. If this problem is not solved, world hunger may ensue. Through genetic modification, scientists were able to insert the genes of a particular bacterium inside the genes of a corn (Ruen, 26). The bacterium is a soil dwelling bacteria called Bacillus Thuringiensis. This bacterium produces proteins that have insecticidal action. The gene that allows the bacterium to produce this protein is inserted into the genes of corn. The result is the BT corn, a corn that produces its own pesticides preventing bugs and insect attacks. The BT corn targets the corn borer, an insect that is responsible of about a billion dollar damage a year in Europe alone.
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