In the short span of a time of one decade, the Black Death had an instantaneous effect on the political, economic, social, cultural, and educational aspects of life. Europe had a major overpopulation crisis that had a slow and limited educational growth along with a low living standard. With the arrival of the Black Death in the 1340’s and 1350’s came the persistent loss of population.
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Europe suffered on of the especially significant death toll from the Black Death, in a modern range it is estimated that between one-third and one-half of Europe’s total population in a five-year time period were killed; but research does have a history of overestimating death tolls. With the European population at a low level caused many issues, specifically economically and socially. The Black Death created social and economic repercussions in Florence, but in the long term had a very positive effect on society and the economy.
Before one understands the economic and social repercussions of the Black Death, they first need to understand what the Black Death was. The Black Death has many names that have been used since its arrival in 1347 CE. Names included the Great Plague, the Black Plague, Plague, Bubonic Plague, medieval people called it the ‘blue sickness’, or ‘La Pestilience’ by the French. There are a multitude of names the Black Death went by, but Black Death is the most common. According to the Mayo Clinic “Plague is divided into three main types ” bubonic, septicemic and pneumonic ” depending on which part of your body is involved. Signs and symptoms vary depending on the type of plague. With the Bubonic plague being the most common from. It’s named after the buboes ” swollen lymph nodes ” which typically develop within a week after an infected flea bites you. Buboes may be: Situated in the groin, armpit or neck; About the size of a chicken egg; Tender and warm to the touch. Other signs and symptoms may include: Sudden onset of fever and chills; Headache; Fatigue or malaise; Muscle aches.” It is most commonly thought that the disease was spread by disease infected rats.
The Mayo Clinic notes that Yersinia pestis is the organism that causes the plague. This organism lives in small rodents and is transmitted to humans that fleas have bitten. These flees once fed on rodents that were infected, or by humans that had previously held an infected animal. The disease travelled so quickly, vastly, and easily because it was transmitted by rodents, who travelled across the Mediterranean on ships. The idea that the plague was transmitted through rodents is the most common theory behind the plague, but newer research proves otherwise. According to Scientists at Public Health England in Porton Down, for the Black Death to have spread so quickly and killed so many victims with such devastating speed,
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