Background of the study The raise of credit card ownership and usage has been devastating around the globe. A credit card is a system of payment named after the small plastic card issued to users of the system and is different from a debit card in that it does not remove money from the user's account after every transaction. The increasing of the credit card due to many reasons which one of it stated by Watkins (2000), which is credit card becomes one of the main systems of transaction or payments that encourage domestic and personal spending even in many developing countries of the world (as cited in Ahmed, U.Z., Ismail I., Sohail, M. S., Tabsh, I.,& Hasbalaila, A. 2010). In the case of credit cards, the issuer lends money to the consumer or the user for the usage of the credit cards. Besides, a credit card allows the consumer to rotate their balance, and having the interest charged at top of it. A review of literature on credit card reveals that most studies have been undertaken in developed country. Credit cards were first issued in the USA in the early twentieth century. In Malaysia, the first card was introduced in the mid-1970s (Loke. 2007; as cited in Ahmed, U.Z & et al., 2010). At the early on period, credit cards were only issued to professionals or successful businesspersons by card issuing companies. However, with the passage of time, eligibility criteria for obtaining credit cards have been changed because credit cards are now easily obtained by individuals regardless of their income or other measures of financial well being. As a result, the number of cardholders reached to about three million by the turn of the last century (Ahmed, U.Z & et al., 2010).The market for consumer credit has undergone significant change over the past few decades. This because there is deregulation of the banking industry and the need of lenders for more profit-making market instruments increased the availability of consumer credit in the form of credit cards. Therefore, increasing in credit card ownership means that the use of credit cards as short term loans has increased as well. Besides that, the increase of credit card has brought many side effects to the users especially for the young executives. This is because credit card influence them in making the excessive spending because it easier and convenient for user to pay with credit card rather than bring the cash with them. As a result, in the year March 2009, outstanding debts from credit card holders amounted to RM15.719 billion were reported. Then, by the year 2009 outstanding credit card debts accounted for 1.35 percent of the total loans outstanding or 11.41 percent of the total consumer credit (Bank Negara Malaysia, 2009; as cited in Ahmed, U.Z & et al., 2010). Thus, its shows that increase in the number of credit card holders seeking bankruptcy records over the years were also reported. The people below 30 are the leading aged group that has been declared bankrupt because of credit card debts (Credit Card Debt And You: Under-30s Under Siege ,Malay Mail Insight, 2009).
Problem statement According to Datuk Abdul Karim Abdul Jalil, Director-General of the Department of Insolvency Malaysia there is total of 3,548 people declaring bankruptcy due to the credit card debt whereby 1,780 people belong to those aged 30 and below (Credit Card Debt And You: Under-30s Under Siege ,Malay Mail Insight, 2009). YEAR TOTAL BANKRUPTCY TOTAL BANKRUPTCY BELOW 30 YEARS PERCENTAGE 2005 733 362 49.39% 2006 285 132 46.32% 2007 1,011 564 55.79% 2008 1,065 513 48.17% 2009 (As of May) 454 209 46.04% Total 3,548 1,780 Table 1.1: Number of Malaysian below 30 declaring bankruptcy due to credit card debts (Sources: Bank Negara Malaysia, 2009, as cited in Malay Mail Insight, June 15th, 2009). Table 1.2: Graph show number of Malaysian below 30 declaring bankruptcy due to credit card debts (Sources: Bank Negara Malaysia, 2009, as cited in Malay Mail Insight, June 15th, 2009) Tables 1.1 and 1.2 indicate the number of bankruptcy due to credit card debts focused on the young executives aged below 30. The researches found that from year 2005 until May 2009, more than 46% of the bankruptcy was experienced by the people aged below 30. The above figure shows the seriousness of this bankruptcy problem due to credit card debts among the young executives happen within 5 years. Besides that, as stated by Datuk Abdul Karim, there are many reasons for the situation occurs but there is no serious study of the matter has yet been done. (Credit Card Debt And You: Under-30s Under Siege, Malay Mail Insight, 2009). Therefore, researchers found the great base to conduct this study.
1.2 Research Objectives To identify the relationship between the factor of knowledge on credit card and bankruptcy, financial management, and lifestyles towards the bankruptcy due to credit card debts among young executives. To identify which factor (knowledge on credit card and bankruptcy, financial management and lifestyles) that contribute most to the bankruptcy due to credit card debts among young executives.
1.3 Scope of research 1.3.1 Territory This research will be conducted in Sungai Petani area, namely at Central Square, Tesco Utara, Tesco Selatan and Giant hypermarket. Time The research conducted from March 2011 until April 2011. Level The research focused on public opinion on factors contributed to the young executives bankruptcy due to credit card debts. Research was conducted among respondents ages 18 years until 30 years old.
Significance of research 1.4.1 Young executives The result of the research can provide the information to young executives about the factor that lead to the increase number of bankruptcy due to credit card debts within their aged. Besides, it can educate them in order to make a greater planning by using the credit card in their daily lives. 1.4.2 Public The result of the research can help public to know about the right way of using the credit card so that they can be more careful in using the credit card. Thus, it can avoid them from being declared as bankruptcy because of credit card debts.
Limitation Limited literature review because there is not much study this issue. Therefore it quite difficult for the researches in order to finds the appropriate article to review and support the research. The result of this research will not represent the whole public opinion on this issue because the research only done at Sungai Petani area and not throughout Malaysia.
1.6 Definition terms and concept Credit card bankruptcy According to Datuk Haji Mohamad bin Haji Aziz stated in copies of the Third Meeting of the Twelfth Board of the Parliament (2010), he stated that the Malaysian young executives declaring bankruptcy because of unable to pay the credit cardâÃ¢â€šÂ¬Ã¢â€žÂ¢s debts .This can be concluded that, bankruptcy due to credit card debts is mostly because of inability to pay back their debts. Therefore, the same definition used in this research. Knowledge on credit card Knowledge on credit card bankruptcy Financial management Joyce K.H. Nga, Lisa H.L. Yong and Rathakrishnan D. Sellappan (2009) stated that financial literacy has been defined as the competence to undertake rational, informed judgments pertaining to money management (as cited in Worthington, 2006). This includes the general understanding on budgeting, conceptual knowledge of financial products offerings by financial institutions and ability to make responsible investments to facilitate the achievement of oneâÃ¢â€šÂ¬Ã¢â€žÂ¢s financial goal (Macy, 2001; Beal and Delpachtra, 2003; as cited in Worthington, 2006). General financial awareness concepts surveyed in this study. Hence, this research will go through the same definition in term of the financial management among the young executives. Lifestyle 1.6.6 Young executives G.M. Mirchandani (2000), President of Arvind Brands Limited segmented and targeted his customer into categories which are teenagers and young executives. He defined that the young executive is the young people that aged below 30.In this research, the researcher defined the young executive just like G.M. Mirchandani, which are people below aged 30.