The famous astronomer known as Galileo made many extraordinary astronomical discoveries and his observations of the Moon were just a few of them. Galileo was the first astronomer to discover that the surface of the Moon had pits, craters, and mountains and wasn’t as smooth of a surface as everyone thought. For centuries following this realization, everyone’s curiosity about the Moon continued to grow and the possibility of one-day landing on the Moon became a part of the American Dream.
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On May 25th 1961, President John F. Kennedy set the nationwide goal in a speech to Congress to land men on the Moon for the first time and bring them home safely before the decade was over. And a little over eight years later, that’s exactly what the Apollo 11 mission accomplished. This mission helped America gain more respect and recognition from other countries, it helped disprove and also confirm many theories, and it helped people to gain a clearer understanding of life in outer space. And on top of all that, it was a time where people couldn’t be more proud to be American. The Apollo 11 mission is such an important part of American history and it will always be John F. Kennedy’s greatest legacy and one of America’s greatest accomplishments.
What is known as the Space Race that began in 1957 refers to the competition between the Soviet Union and the United States of America for dominance in spaceflight capability. They both fought to prove their superiority by trying to outshine each other in the exploration of space. After the USSR launched Sputnik, the first satellite, and successfully sent a man into space, America and NASA felt extreme pressure which brought on the creation of the Apollo missions.From 1961-1964, NASA’s budget was increasing and the employees were accumulating. But the Apollo program suffered a setback in January 1967 when three astronauts were killed after their spacecraft caught on fire during a launch test. A couple years later, the three astronauts being sent to the Moon during the Apollo 11 mission were known as Neil Armstrong, Edwin Buzz Aldrin, and Michael Collins and they were qualified and had experience from other missions such as Project Gemini. These men and their families knew that they were taking a big risk and there was a possibility they wouldn’t make it back, but they weren’t doing it for themselves,
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