Ancient Egypt: The Old Kingdom and New Kingdom

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From the moment of the Old Kingdom to the period of the New Kingdom, Ancient Egypt was a world dominated by forces. The history of Egypt is typically divided into four periods: pre-dynastic Egypt (6000- 3000 BCE), the Old Kingdom (2700-2130 BCE), the Middle Kingdom (2040-1640 BCE) and the New Kingdom (1550-1070 BCE). I’m going to talk about the main three and that’s the kingdoms.

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The pyramids were built during the Old Kingdom Period. The Egyptians had been preserving the remains of their dead long before the building of the great pyramids. They believed that a person’s soul could live after the death of the body. Each Kingdom had some of the greatest tombs for their greatest kings.

The Old Kingdom: 2575-2130 BCE

The Old Kingdom, in ancient Egyptian history, is the period in the third millennium (c. 2575“2134 BC) also known as the ‘Age of the Pyramids’ or ‘Age of the Pyramid Builders’ as it includes the great 4th Dynasty when King Sneferu perfected the art of pyramid building and the pyramids of Giza were constructed under the kings Khufu, Khafre and Menkaure. Egypt attained its first continuous peak of civilizationthe first of three so-called “”Kingdom”” periods (followed by the Middle Kingdom and New Kingdom) which mark the high points of civilization in the lower Nile Valley.

In ancient Egypt one of the most renowned statues, is the Great Sphinx (Kleiner, 63) which wasn’t no regular statue but instead it was a religious Guardian and most frequently described as the person with the Pharaoh headdress”as is the Great Sphinx”and figures of these animals were frequently included in tomb and temple complexes. For example, the so-called Sphinx street at Upper Egypt is the two-mile street that links the synagogues of Luxor and Karnak and is lined with statues. This Great statue, which is located at Giza, the third largest city in empire. The Great statue of Giza is the large 4,500-year-old stone statue situated near the Sphinx monument in Giza, Egypt. Measuring 240 feet in length and 66 feet tall, this great statue is one of the earth’s largest monuments. It is also one of the most identifiable relics of the ancient Egyptians, though the origins and history of this large system are even argued.

This statue is one of the unique statues, with the body of the cat and the head of the king, made around 4500 years ago. This Great statue was buried for most of it world, until King Thutmose IV, while even the aristocrat, had started hunting and fell asleep at the shadow of the Sphinx head. Within the dream, the statue talked to Thutmose and told him to take away the soil because it was choking the statue. But no one knows what occurred to this front.

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