Introduction To The SENSEX Index Example For Free

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BSE is the first stock exchange in the country to obtain permanent recognition in 1956 from the Government of India.The Exchange has a nation-wide reach with a presence in 417 cities and towns of India.The Exchange’s role in the development of the Indian capital market is widely recognized and its index, SENSEX, is tracked worldwide. The BSE Sensex or Bombay Stock Exchange Sensitivity Index is a value-weighted index composed of 30 stocks that started January 1, 1986. The Sensex is regarded as the pulse of the domestic stock markets in India. It consists of the 30 largest and most actively traded stocks, representative of various sectors, on the Bombay Stock Exchange. These companies account for around fifty per cent of the market capitalisation of the BSE. The base value of the sensex is 100 on April 1, 1979, and the base year of BSE-SENSEX is 1978-79. Earlier an Association of Persons (AOP).The Exchange is professionally managed under the overall direction of the Board of Directors.The Board comprises eminent professionals, representatives of Trading Members and the Managing Director of the Exchange.In terms of organisation structure, the Board formulates larger policy issues and exercises over-all control. The committees constituted by the Board are broad-based.The day-to-dayoperations of the Exchange are managed by the Managing Director and a management team of professionals. Analysis of sensex How is sensex index calculated ? SENSEX, first compiled in 1986 was calculated on a “Market Capitalization-Weighted” methodology of 30 component stocks representing a sample of large, well-established and financially sound companies.These companies account for around one-fifth of the market capitalization of the BSE(indices). The base year of SENSEX is 1978-79(April.1 1979 = 100). The index is widely reported in both domestic and international markets through print as well as electronic media. SENSEX is not only scientifically designed but also based on globally accepted construction and review methodology. From September 2003, the SENSEX is calculated on a free-float marke capitalization methodology. The “free-float Market Capitalization-Weighted” methodology is a widely followed index construction methodology on which majority of global equity benchmarks are based. Market cap or market capitalization is simply the worth of a company in terms of it’s shares! To put it in a simple way, if you were to buy all the shares of a particular company, what is the amount you would have to pay? That amount is called the “market capitalization”!so it’s expressn can b.. Market cap = (current share price)X(number of shares issued by the company) Now, only the “open market” shares that are free for trading by anyone, are called the “free-float” shares.A simple way to understand the “free-float market cap” would be, the total cost of buying all the shares in the open market!BSE determines a free-float factor depending on how many shares are open in the total,then free-float market capitalization can be expressed as free-float Market cap= (free float factor)X(Market cap of the company) Now by adding free-float market cap of all the 30 companies listed and making it relative to sensex base,

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