Canada was tenanted by Aboriginal peoples for thousands of year with diverse cultures and some major linguistic group. (Trevor W. Harrison, John W. Friesen; Trevor Harrison; John W. Friesen, 2010). Beginning of 15th century European traders, particularly French and British expeditions; missionaries, soldiers and colonists sailed to Canada and highly altered the inherent lifestyle of native. However, Aboriginals and Europeans shaped a strong socio economic, religious and cultural bonds in the first 200 years of cohabitation which placed the foundations of Canada . Constitution Act, 1867 combined three colonies into a one country named Canada within British Empire . In the same year, Sir John Alexander Macdonald, turn into Canadaâ€™s first Prime Minister who is best known as the Father of Confederation . As per land area Canada is now the second largest country in the world. Approximately 90% of people of Canada live within 200km of the border with the USA . Canada encompasses with 10 provinces (Alberta, British Columbia, Manitoba, New Brunswick, Newfoundland and Labrador, Nova Scotia, Ontario, Prince Edward Island, Quebec, Saskatchewan) and 3 territories (Northwest Territories, Nunavut, Yukon)  Cultural Environment: Canada is usually considered as a very progressive, diverse, and multicultural country. (Anne-Marie Mooney Cotter, 2011, p. 176). Like many other country, Canadian culture is embrace with its historical background, geographical factors and political system. Value: Canadian values express as freedom, respect for religious and cultural differences and pledge to social justice. Canadian values include: Equalityâ€” respect everyoneâ€™s rights. Governments must treat everyone with equal right and respect. Respect for cultural differencesâ€” understanding and appreciation of all different cultures, norms and traditions of all, either they were born in Canada or came here from another part of the world. Freedomâ€”freedom of thought, freedom of speech, freedom of religion and freedom of peaceful association. Peaceâ€”non-violent society and international role as peacekeepers. Law and orderâ€”respectful to democratic decision and respectful to law and order  Language: English and French are the mother language of 56.9% and 21.3% respectively, although usages of French language declining steadily by Canadians and new immigrants.
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