A Profile on Canada

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Canada profile:

  • Full name: Canada
  • Population: 34.7 million (UN, 2012)
  • Capital: Ottawa
  • Largest city: Toronto
  • Area: 9.9 million sq km (3.8 million sq miles)
  • Major languages: English, French (both official)
  • Major religion: Christianity
  • Life expectancy: 79 years (men), 83 years (women) (UN)
  • Monetary unit: 1 Canadian dollar = 100 cents
  • Main exports: Machinery and equipment, automotive products, metals and plastics, forestry products, agricultural and fishing products, energy products
  • GNI per capita: US $45,550 (World Bank, 2011)

Canada was tenanted by Aboriginal peoples for thousands of year with diverse cultures and some major linguistic group. (Trevor W. Harrison, John W. Friesen; Trevor Harrison; John W. Friesen, 2010). Beginning of 15th century European traders, particularly French and British expeditions; missionaries, soldiers and colonists sailed to Canada and highly altered the inherent lifestyle of native. However, Aboriginals and Europeans shaped a strong socio economic, religious and cultural bonds in the first 200 years of cohabitation which placed the foundations of Canada [8]. Constitution Act, 1867 combined three colonies into a one country named Canada within British Empire [9]. In the same year, Sir John Alexander Macdonald, turn into Canada’s first Prime Minister who is best known as the Father of Confederation [8]. As per land area Canada is now the second largest country in the world. Approximately 90% of people of Canada live within 200km of the border with the USA [1]. Canada encompasses with 10 provinces (Alberta, British Columbia, Manitoba, New Brunswick, Newfoundland and Labrador, Nova Scotia, Ontario, Prince Edward Island, Quebec, Saskatchewan) and 3 territories (Northwest Territories, Nunavut, Yukon) [14] Cultural Environment: Canada is usually considered as a very progressive, diverse, and multicultural country. (Anne-Marie Mooney Cotter, 2011, p. 176). Like many other country, Canadian culture is embrace with its historical background, geographical factors and political system. Value: Canadian values express as freedom, respect for religious and cultural differences and pledge to social justice. Canadian values include: Equality— respect everyone’s rights. Governments must treat everyone with equal right and respect. Respect for cultural differences— understanding and appreciation of all different cultures, norms and traditions of all, either they were born in Canada or came here from another part of the world. Freedom—freedom of thought, freedom of speech, freedom of religion and freedom of peaceful association. Peace—non-violent society and international role as peacekeepers. Law and order—respectful to democratic decision and respectful to law and order [10] Language: English and French are the mother language of 56.9% and 21.3% respectively, although usages of French language declining steadily by Canadians and new immigrants.

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